As reported by www.usa.one , 23 April, the U.S. Supreme court heard the debate of the parties in the case of the U.S. Department of Commerce v. New York city, better known as the “citizenship Case in the census.»
The plaintiff in this case is the city of New York and the attorney General of the state of New York, as well as a number of other States and cities — and there are good reasons. This case may deprive the already under-represented colored population and immigrants of the city of New York of proper representation. As a result, New York may lose a share of federal funding for important programs and services (including public housing, child nutrition, and special education programs) that are worth billions.
This case arose as a result of the fact that the Trump administration added a question to the questionnaire for the «Census 2020» (which, incidentally, has not been asked since 1950):
«Are you a citizen of the United States of America?»
By incorporating this question into the questionnaire, the Trump administration seeks to discourage immigrants to participate in the census, which will lead to their underestimation in many multiethnic cities and States. It is assumed that as a result of under-accounting, the state of New York may lose up to two seats in Congress. The same can happen in other States where large immigrant or colored communities live — they may lose a big share of representation.
In addition to representation, another important factor is the amount of Federal funding. The Federal government allocates more than $800 billion annually to cities and States for 320 different programs that depend on the census. Funding for public education, programs for people with special needs, poor women, nursing homes and infrastructure depends on the census. Only in 2016 based on census data, in 2010 New York received more than $7З billion in the framework of the 55 programs. Moreover, census data are used by municipal authorities and enterprises in making vital decisions. For example, in connection with the measles outbreak, the New York city Department of health relies on census data to determine vaccination rates and coverage of affected areas.
In January, the judge of the us district court Jesse Furman ruled that the addition of the Trump administration of the issue of citizenship violated Federal law «. The decision was appealed by the Trump administration, and on Tuesday, Supreme court judges heard arguments from new York city.
Natalia Veselnitskaya — official website